What is the difference between Indica and Sativa?

Sativa and indica are two types of cannabis that are highly psychoactive. This allows people to use them extensively for recreational and medical purposes. Although they are one and the same plant, sativa and indica still have a number of significant differences. This division has arisen as a result of the different climatic conditions of the natural habitat of each species.

Indica hemp
The first documented mentions of indica cannabis date back to 1783. It was discovered in India, which is where the name came from. In the wild, this hemp lives in subtropical and temperate continental latitudes. You can meet her between 30 and 50 degrees north latitude. A large accumulation of plants is observed in Morocco, Lebanon, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tibet and India.

The historical homeland of Indica is considered to be the Hindu Kush mountain system, which occupies a large part of the territory of Pakistan and Afghanistan. The climate in this area is rather harsh. To survive in such conditions, indica marijuana certainly had to adapt to them. That is why it has become very resistant to negative environmental factors. She easily tolerates stress, is not afraid of temperature changes, cold and lack of moisture. The short warm period of the year in the area forced her to leave offspring early. The indica bloom phase lasts no more than 6-10 weeks.

Hemp sativa
Marijuana sativa is found naturally only in areas close to the equator. The boundaries of its natural habitat do not go beyond 30 degrees north and south latitude. It is widely distributed in Colombia, Thailand, Jamaica, Mexico and Indonesia. The warm climate of these areas has made sativa a long-flowering plant. Its inflorescences can ripen within 10-18 weeks, which is prohibitively long for the climatic conditions of our country.

Sativa is a very thermophilic plant. It tolerates low temperatures extremely negatively, but feels good in hot conditions. Unfortunately, it can be grown outdoors only on the southern coast of Crimea or the Black Sea coast.

Indica and Sativa vegetation stage
The length of the growing season of the two types of cannabis differs significantly. Due to the climatic conditions of the growing environment, the life cycle of the sativa is longer than that of the indica. This allows her to actively gain green mass throughout her life. Indica grows only on veg, which in natural conditions can last 1-4 months. A sativa can take six months to complete this phase of life. It all depends on when her seed sprouted.

Sativa generally takes longer to develop. This is due to its large size. At this stage, both types of marijuana need an increased amount of nitrogen. In second place, by necessity, are phosphorus and potassium.

Sativa and indica need the same light conditions during the growing season. It can be 18/6 or 20/4. A favorable temperature for them is considered to be an indicator of 24-27 degrees. However, the maximum and minimum allowable values ​​are different for them. For indica, they are 15 and 27 degrees, for sativa – 18 and 35. Regarding a favorable humidity level, for indica it should be between 40 and 60%, for sativa – 55 and 65%.

Indica and Sativa flowering phase
Both types of cannabis enter the flowering phase when the length of daylight decreases. For indica, its 14 hour duration is sufficient. Sativa blooms quite often begins at 11-12 hours a day. Indoors for both plants it is necessary to set the light mode 12/12. If the sativa does not bloom for a long time, then it should be changed to 11/13.

During the flowering period, the indica stops growing in size. She completely switches to the production of inflorescences. Sativa continues to actively gain weight and bear fruit. Sometimes it can grow 1.5-2 times.

The favorable temperature regime for both types of cannabis remains the same at this stage. Only the moisture level for the sativa needs to be changed to 40%. This is due to the lush structure of her bushes, which makes her more prone to mold. It is also recommended to do periodic manicure so that light and air can better penetrate deeper into the bush.

How much plant flowers will bloom depends on the specific variety. As mentioned earlier, indica takes 6-10 weeks to bloom, sativa in 10-18 weeks. In order for plants to form abundant cannabis inflorescences, they must receive a sufficient amount of phosphorus. It is this element that is a priority at this stage of development. The second place is taken by nitrogen and potassium.

The fundamental differences between indica and sativa
The size and structure of the bushes
Indica bushes grow stocky and lush. They have a pyramidal shape that makes them look like a small Christmas tree. Their maximum height is 1.5-2 meters. Indica foliage is dark green in color and broad in shape. Outwardly, the leaves resemble a fan or fan blades.

Sativa bushes can easily reach 2-3 meters in height. Their maximum growth can be 5-6 m. Outwardly, they resemble a small tree or shrub. They are characterized by abundant branching and spreading structure. Because of this, growers often find it difficult to care for the plant. Sativa leaves are elongated and narrow. They are light green in color.

Indica and sativa inflorescences, harvest
Indica cannabis forms large and dense inflorescences that are located at approximately equal intervals along the entire stem. They are characterized by abundant resinousness and are round in shape. The buds of this type of cannabis tend to form a single structure with the branches and bear small leaves on them.

Sativa inflorescences grow elongated and bulky, but less dense. They are usually oval in shape and are combined into one structure.

Harvesting both types of cannabis is done in the same way. The exception is large sativa bushes that cannot be cut whole. It will be necessary to cut off individual branches or inflorescences on the growing bush. The performance of both types of marijuana is significantly different. The most productive indica bushes will yield no more than 700-800 g of buds. The average figure for her is 300-500 g. Sativa will delight the grower with an average yield of 500-1500 g of the finished product. Its maximum indicator can reach 3-5 kg.

Also, every grower should be aware that sativa buds lose significant weight after drying. This is due to their volumetric, but not dense structure. With 2-3 kg of freshly cut inflorescences, only 1-1.5 kg of the finished product can be obtained.

Impact of indica and sativa
The effects of indica and sativa are quite different. Most often, it is they who are the decisive factor when a gardener chooses a particular variety. You could even say that exposure is the main difference between the two types of cannabis.

Indica buds have a sedative effect on the human body. They bring complete body relaxation and peace of mind. The mind goes beyond the boundaries of consciousness, going on a long journey through the astral worlds. A kind of state of meditation arises. A person can be immersed in his inner world for hours or watch some events. The indica effect is commonly referred to as stone. The name seems to hint that the grower will turn into a heavy stone as soon as he sits on the sofa. Stone is great for relaxing rest after a hard day’s work, relieving stress and nervous tension. It also helps people who suffer from chronic pain, insomnia and lack of appetite.

Sativa inflorescences have a cerebral effect on humans. They cause an emotional outburst and enhance the perception of the surrounding world. A positive attitude comes, the body will overflow with energy. The world begins to shine with bright colors, objects begin to seem more perfect. There is a feeling of boundless love and happiness. Empathy often sets in. Creativity is awakened and communication skills are activated. Grover begins to think that he is capable of anything. This effect of cannabis is called the high effect. The name hints at a state of sublimity and exhilaration. Sativa high is a great cure for depression and fatigue. It also relieves pain well, awakens appetite and enhances brain activity. It can be used during the daytime to do routine work.

Sativa and indica are two types of cannabis that are highly psychoactive. This allows people to use them extensively for recreational and medical purposes. Although they are one and the same plant, sativa and indica still have a number of significant differences. This division has arisen as a result of the different climatic conditions of the natural habitat of each species.

Indica hemp
The first documented mentions of indica cannabis date back to 1783. It was discovered in India, which is where the name came from. In the wild, this hemp lives in subtropical and temperate continental latitudes. You can meet her between 30 and 50 degrees north latitude. A large accumulation of plants is observed in Morocco, Lebanon, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Tibet and India.

The historical homeland of Indica is considered to be the Hindu Kush mountain system, which occupies a large part of the territory of Pakistan and Afghanistan. The climate in this area is rather harsh. To survive in such conditions, indica marijuana certainly had to adapt to them. That is why it has become very resistant to negative environmental factors. She easily tolerates stress, is not afraid of temperature changes, cold and lack of moisture. The short warm period of the year in the area forced her to leave offspring early. The indica bloom phase lasts no more than 6-10 weeks.

Hemp sativa
Marijuana sativa is found naturally only in areas close to the equator. The boundaries of its natural habitat do not go beyond 30 degrees north and south latitude. It is widely distributed in Colombia, Thailand, Jamaica, Mexico and Indonesia. The warm climate of these areas has made sativa a long-flowering plant. Its inflorescences can ripen within 10-18 weeks, which is prohibitively long for the climatic conditions of our country.

Sativa is a very thermophilic plant. It tolerates low temperatures extremely negatively, but feels good in hot conditions. Unfortunately, it can be grown outdoors only on the southern coast of Crimea or the Black Sea coast.

Indica and Sativa vegetation stage
The length of the growing season of the two types of cannabis differs significantly. Due to the climatic conditions of the growing environment, the life cycle of the sativa is longer than that of the indica. This allows her to actively gain green mass throughout her life. Indica grows only on veg, which in natural conditions can last 1-4 months. A sativa can take six months to complete this phase of life. It all depends on when her seed sprouted.

Sativa generally takes longer to develop. This is due to its large size. At this stage, both types of marijuana need an increased amount of nitrogen. In second place, by necessity, are phosphorus and potassium.

Sativa and indica need the same light conditions during the growing season. It can be 18/6 or 20/4. A favorable temperature for them is considered to be an indicator of 24-27 degrees. However, the maximum and minimum allowable values ​​are different for them. For indica, they are 15 and 27 degrees, for sativa – 18 and 35. Regarding a favorable humidity level, for indica it should be between 40 and 60%, for sativa – 55 and 65%.

Indica and Sativa flowering phase
Both types of cannabis enter the flowering phase when the length of daylight decreases. For indica, its 14 hour duration is sufficient. Sativa blooms quite often begins at 11-12 hours a day. Indoors for both plants it is necessary to set the light mode 12/12. If the sativa does not bloom for a long time, then it should be changed to 11/13.

During the flowering period, the indica stops growing in size. She completely switches to the production of inflorescences. Sativa continues to actively gain weight and bear fruit. Sometimes it can grow 1.5-2 times.

The favorable temperature regime for both types of cannabis remains the same at this stage. Only the moisture level for the sativa needs to be changed to 40%. This is due to the lush structure of her bushes, which makes her more prone to mold. It is also recommended to do periodic manicure so that light and air can better penetrate deeper into the bush.

How much plant flowers will bloom depends on the specific variety. As mentioned earlier, indica takes 6-10 weeks to bloom, sativa in 10-18 weeks. In order for plants to form abundant cannabis inflorescences, they must receive a sufficient amount of phosphorus. It is this element that is a priority at this stage of development. The second place is taken by nitrogen and potassium.

The fundamental differences between indica and sativa
The size and structure of the bushes
Indica bushes grow stocky and lush. They have a pyramidal shape that makes them look like a small Christmas tree. Their maximum height is 1.5-2 meters. Indica foliage is dark green in color and broad in shape. Outwardly, the leaves resemble a fan or fan blades.

Sativa bushes can easily reach 2-3 meters in height. Their maximum growth can be 5-6 m. Outwardly, they resemble a small tree or shrub. They are characterized by abundant branching and spreading structure. Because of this, growers often find it difficult to care for the plant. Sativa leaves are elongated and narrow. They are light green in color.

Indica and sativa inflorescences, harvest
Indica cannabis forms large and dense inflorescences that are located at approximately equal intervals along the entire stem. They are characterized by abundant resinousness and are round in shape. The buds of this type of cannabis tend to form a single structure with the branches and bear small leaves on them.

Sativa inflorescences grow elongated and bulky, but less dense. They are usually oval in shape and are combined into one structure.

Harvesting both types of cannabis is done in the same way. The exception is large sativa bushes that cannot be cut whole. It will be necessary to cut off individual branches or inflorescences on the growing bush. The performance of both types of marijuana is significantly different. The most productive indica bushes will yield no more than 700-800 g of buds. The average figure for her is 300-500 g. Sativa will delight the grower with an average yield of 500-1500 g of the finished product. Its maximum indicator can reach 3-5 kg.

Also, every grower should be aware that sativa buds lose significant weight after drying. This is due to their volumetric, but not dense structure. With 2-3 kg of freshly cut inflorescences, only 1-1.5 kg of the finished product can be obtained.

Impact of indica and sativa
The effects of indica and sativa are quite different. Most often, it is they who are the decisive factor when a gardener chooses a particular variety. You could even say that exposure is the main difference between the two types of cannabis.

Indica buds have a sedative effect on the human body. They bring complete body relaxation and peace of mind. The mind goes beyond the boundaries of consciousness, going on a long journey through the astral worlds. A kind of state of meditation arises. A person can be immersed in his inner world for hours or watch some events. The indica effect is commonly referred to as stone. The name seems to hint that the grower will turn into a heavy stone as soon as he sits on the sofa. Stone is great for relaxing rest after a hard day’s work, relieving stress and nervous tension. It also helps people who suffer from chronic pain, insomnia and lack of appetite.

Sativa inflorescences have a cerebral effect on humans. They cause an emotional outburst and enhance the perception of the surrounding world. A positive attitude comes, the body will overflow with energy. The world begins to shine with bright colors, objects begin to seem more perfect. There is a feeling of boundless love and happiness. Empathy often sets in. Creativity is awakened and communication skills are activated. Grover begins to think that he is capable of anything. This effect of cannabis is called the high effect. The name hints at a state of sublimity and exhilaration. Sativa high is a great cure for depression and fatigue. It also relieves pain well, awakens appetite and enhances brain activity. It can be used during the daytime to do routine work.