From a legal point of view, hemp is not divided into varieties, there is only one type – Cannabis Sativa. Regardless of the effect of hemp, its origin, all plants are classified as Cannabis Sativa. However, each culture has its own specifics of growth, development, genetics, so those who are more familiar with cannabis divide it into 3 types:
Also, some “experts” classify 2 additional types:
Cannabis is a type of marijuana that came to Europe from hot equatorial and tropical regions. Initially, the culture was considered exclusively as an SG culture for the manufacture of threads and paper. The Chinese who mass-cultivated cannabis called their land “the land of mulberry and hemp.”
A little later, the medical side of cannabis was discovered, namely the pain relievers. Since then, Cannabis Sativa has begun to play the role of an analgesic.
Rastish resembles a tall slender palm (from 1.2 to 4.5 m) with long internodes and sharp foliage. The culture blooms and develops longer than other types of cannabis. Sativa plants contain about 10-15% THC and very little CBD.
According to historical data, the plant came to the civilized world from the Indian subcontinent from the mountainous plains of the Hindu Kush. Indica bushes grow up to 1.2m. The leaves are large, wide with a high chlorophyll content, which is expressed by a bluish-green tint. The bush is quite branched, with large dense inflorescences. The plant ripens from 6 to 9 weeks, depending on genetics. The aromatic palette is not as varied as that of the sativa, but still Indica exudes sweet fruity aromas, rarely – stench. Most indica species are mold resistant. The THC content is high (up to 25%).
Usually, Ruderalis is considered weedy marijuana. Rastishka originates from the northern regions. Due to the climatic conditions in which Ruderalis has been growing for centuries, it has a special vitality, unpretentiousness to breeding conditions and a short flowering period. The culture grows slightly below the indica. The bush forms small thickened leaves and small clusters of seeds.
Ruderalis ripens a little faster than indicas: from 4 to 8 weeks. The THC content of Cannabis Ruderalis is very low, so it is not used as a stand-alone cannabis species, but works well in combination with other cannabis species.
Cannabis Sativa Autoflowers
This type of cannabis was obtained by crossing indica and sativa crops with ruderalis. Autoflowering seeds are considered the best human marijuana achievement in the past few decades. These plants can flower without shortening the flowering day (a procedure that gardeners deliberately use to start flowering). The trait was inherited from the ruderalis, which has adapted to the harsh climatic conditions. Mostly hybrids are short bushes with small thickened leaves. Such crops mature in less than 8 weeks.
The Afghani is considered a subspecies of Indica. The culture, like the indica variety, spread from the Hindu Kush territory. Some botanists consider Afghanistan as a separate species, due to its smaller size (up to 1m), characteristic thick leaves with a small rounding at the end. A distinctive feature of Cannabis Afganica is the increased resin content of the main trunk. The THC content is higher than that of other crops – 27-28%.
Sometimes each of us has a feeling that we want something, but we just can’t figure out what exactly. With regard to growing, this sensation makes you leaf through the catalog for hours in the hope of finding “the same variety” for good luck. Don’t waste your time, in this collection we have collected extremely interesting options with a wide variety of characteristics.